An introduction to the issue of exiling criminals to siberia

In one, three or four convicts were engaged in cobbling shoes, and in the other an attempt was being made to do a small amount of carpenter's work.

They were all dressed from head to foot in a costume of gray, consisting of a visorless Scotch cap, a shirt and trousers of coarse homespun linen, and a long gray overcoat with one or two diamond-shaped patches of black or yellow cloth sewn upon the back between the shoulders. They were mostly located in three regions, i. A Journey from St. The celebration of the Railway Workers' Day on August 4 is supplemented by another interesting date. Noblemen and the intellectual elite had to work at the Blagodatsky mine under harsh conditions. As a general rule, exile to Siberia, under the severer sentences and for felony, involves first, deprivation of all civil rights; second, forfeiture of all property, which, upon the conviction of the criminal, descends to his heirs as if he were dead; and third, severance of all family relations, unless the criminal's family voluntarily accompanies him to his place of exile. The article examines the way in which the prisoners preserved their identity in exile. About one o'clock in the afternoon, after having made as thorough an examination as possible of all the prison buildings, Mr. The community of the Swedes was formed by more than 75 colonies dispersed throughout the country.

Yakubovich, S. An interesting Siberian fact. Their arrival was kept in the strictest confidence. The first fourteen of the Decembrists were sent to exile in Irkutsk on the nights of July 21 and 23, Most interfaith marriages broke up and the Russian Orthodox wives were abandoned together with their children in Russia after the peace treaty of and the return of the prisoners to their homeland.

An introduction to the issue of exiling criminals to siberia

Religioznye traditsii khantov. Down the center of the room, and occupying about half its width, ran the sleeping-bench—a wooden platform 12 feet wide and 30 feet long, supported at a height of 2 feet from the floor by stout posts. Zaikin, A. Krueger, J. Such a goal gave their stay in Siberia a deep sense of universal meaning, helping them overcome the hardships of captivity and exile, while hoping to eventually return to their homeland. Wreech, C. The colonies were associated with the Field Commissariat established in Moscow and ten administrative offices for prisoners of war. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, p. The surviving rebels were exiled to Siberia. Povsednevnyi byt plennykh vo vremia Severnoi voiny. Muravyov, V. From the women's prison we went to the prison for exiled families, another stockaded log barrack about 75 feet in length which had no cell partitions and which contained nearly men, women, and children.

That is why the Irkutsk masons impatiently waited for the first batch of the exiled and did everything to make it so that a decent crowd met them at the Moskovskie Gates upon their arrival. The room was about 35 feet in length by 25 in width and 12 feet high; its walls of hewn logs were covered with dirty whitewash; its rough plank floor was black with dried mud and hard-trodden filth; and it was lighted by three grated windows looking out into the prison yard.

siberian prisons 19th century

We suffer from it as well as the prisoners. With rare exception, the Decembrists were forbidden to work in public service, as well as to engage in socially-relevant activities, e.

No one already helped them here. Every cubic foot of it had apparently been respired over and over again until it did not contain an atom of oxygen; it was laden with fever germs from the unventilated hospital wards, fetid odors from diseased human lungs and unclean human bodies, and the stench arising from unemptied excrement buckets at the ends of the corridors.

Today the houses of Trubetskoys and Volkonskys are the operating museums, with the expositions telling not only about the life of the Decembrists, but about their contribution to the cultural life of Irkutsk. Here again the sleeping-platforms were overcrowded; the air was heavy and foul; dozens of children were crying from hunger or wretchedness; and the men and women looked tired, sleepless, and dejected.

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Siberia and the Exile System/Volume 1/Chapter IV