Oxford: Clarendon, Schloss, Jeffrey and Michael Murray, eds.
This process, which reached its culmination in the post-Hammurabic period, led to identifying the planet Venus with IshtarJupiter with MardukMars with NergalMercury with Nabuand Saturn with Ninurta.
So in these instances, at least, the soul-making process would need to continue on in the afterlife. For Hindus and Buddhists, these considerations are rooted in karma and rebirth. So the solution hoped for regarding inequalities never seems to come to an end.
Religion has not fallen into oblivion, as many anticipated; in fact, religious belief is on the rise. Rational Theistic Belief without Proof. Main article: Mesopotamian Demon Ancient Near Eastern religion knew an elaborate system of benevolent, neutral and malevolent demons which more resembled Greek daemons than the Christian concept of evil demonsand much of medicine consisted of exorcismse.
Consciousness and the Existence of God. Who Cares? Sumerology is now an important field of investigation.
Thus, one can escape from the process of death and rebirth samsara. For example, the Kyoto school of philosophers attempted to combine the phenomenology of Husserl with the insights of Zen Buddhism.
With the transfer of all the Gods to the heavens, and under the influence of the doctrine of the correspondence between the heavens and the earth, Anu, Enlil and Ea became the three "ways" as they are called on the heavens.